Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), commonly known as drones. Drones have been used commercially in various fields since the 1970s. Today we talk about the uses of drones in agriculture. With the development of technology, its design and scope of use is also changing. By making drones more suitable for human use, organizations are thinking on a large scale for a variety of uses. One such field is agriculture.
Recent research has shown that the financial market value of drone use in various fields is about 128 billion. Much of it comes from the agricultural sector. According to estimates, the world’s population will reach 9 billion by 2050. The rate of food grain production also needs to be increased for this huge population. Due to the increase in population, it will not be possible to keep reserves in the amount of grain that is currently produced worldwide. Rather, we need to think of an alternative system through which we can produce almost twice as much food grains while keeping time unchanged.
When we talk about the production system, we also have to think about the weather and climate. Because by that time there will be a huge change in the climate of the world. We need to create an adaptive agricultural system to that, as well as more food stocks for the future. So scientists see the use of drones as the only way. All eyes are now on making it suitable for the agricultural sector. For making it more widely known as a grain production-friendly country.
The use of drones is present in all the steps involved in grain production. It will be able to work for us by planting seeds, caring for them, controlling diseases and providing information on a regular basis.
Uses of drones in agriculture.
1. Collection of soil and land information using Drones
Certain types of soil are required for the production of certain crops. It is necessary to know in advance what type of soil is suitable for the production of crops in an area. Because not all crops grow in all soils. Along with climate change, soil composition is also constantly changing. The soil on which paddy is grown today may not produce the same amount of paddy on the same land in the next few years. There is no way out of such a situation without soil testing. Changes in soil composition can only be detected by drones, if this technology is used.
The drone will be able to test the soil, determine the soil moisture, check the presence of different elements, and design the planting of crops according to the amount of land. Many times a lot of space is wasted when planting crops on large land, but if you can calculate where, how, how much to plant in advance by drone, it is possible to reduce the waste of space.
2. Drones for Planting
Drones are also used for planting seeds after collecting all the information about the land. China and Japan already have the use of special drones in agriculture. which can plant seeds from a little above the ground. Easily controllable drones will be able to plant seeds in a short period of time on large land, which currently requires a lot of time and manpower. Currently, the drones are able to plant more than 80 percent of the seeds in the right place, keeping the planting pattern correct.
Drones can design seed planting in land; So in the future we have to focus on reducing the amount of this error and increasing the total production rate. Therefore, it can be considered that time and manpower have been saved in such an important step in grain production.
3. Observation and spray by drones
Grains have to be constantly monitored over a long period of time in the production of any grain. This is because the desired production system can be disrupted if the land is attacked by various insects and the crop becomes infected by them. The technologies and agricultural implements currently in use are largely insufficient for large-scale observation.
We need to remember that we need to produce more grain in the future. But the devices that are in use now are not suitable for the changed environment and large range. Moreover, in order to produce grain in a large area, it is often not possible to protect them from insects by observing all the crops. When such a situation is created, the yield of the crop decreases drastically, and the amount of crop that survives the attack also decreases.
No problem spraying drones. Imaging technology can be used to detect insect infestations in certain parts of the crop. By analyzing the data of the camera used in the drone, it is easy to know whether a particular insect has attacked or not, and how much grain has been attacked in any part.
The funny thing is, now we have to apply pesticides, which drones can do effortlessly! He just needs to be instructed where and how much pesticide should be applied.
There are several benefits to this. The use of drones can reduce the amount of labor, time and money that could have been given to the land by using drones by about 60 percent! Moreover, the common misconceptions in the application of pesticides will be reduced due to proper verification of the information obtained. In addition to insect attacks, various animals and birds can damage crops on the land. Drones can also be used to chase away such unwanted guests by using sensors!
Soil changes have to be monitored from the time the crop grows to the time of collection. Currently, soil conditions can be easily monitored based on satellite data. But there are some downsides. With this method it is possible to get a picture of the soil only once a day, as well as calculate the cost. But using drones to collect soil images at any time of the day as many times as you want, as well as your own drone, there is no cost other than just charging!
4. Irrigation and health protection using drones
Irrigation has been an important step since time immemorial to ensure the presence of water in the soil. Just as the right amount of water protects the quality of the grain, the extra water does not produce good results for the crop. Therefore, there is a need for a system through which information can be collected and crop growth can be ensured by irrigating a certain amount of water in the right place.
And drones will do this. The thermal technology used in the drone is capable of collecting soil temperature data from all over the cropland. By analyzing the data, it will be possible to know if there is a shortage of water in the soil of a place, as well as whether the crops are getting the right amount of water based on the presence of water. This will prevent water wastage in the future in many ways, the crop will not be damaged due to excess water intake.
Drones will irrigate as much water. With the help of visible light and infrared technology, the presence of bacterial or fungal attack on each plant and crop can be detected separately. If the farmer wants, he can look at the specific crop separately or he can give the responsibility to the drone! This will completely protect the crop from attack during the growing season and the farmer will also be able to take the desired crop home.
Of the nine agricultural states in South Africa, eight are currently trying to increase agricultural production using drones.
Drones have been flying overhead in South Africa’s agricultural areas lately. It was as if a big fly flew away with a lot of noise. In fact, it is not a fly, it is a drone.
Some amazing uses of drones in agriculture in this video
Here Some best drones for agriculture click here